feria_de_la_chinita_maracaiibo

Cada 18 de noviembre se celebra en el estado Zulia la aparición de Nuestra Señora de Chiquinquirá a una anciana guajira, a través de una tablita que consiguió mientras lavaba su ropa a orillas del Lago de Maracaibo en el estado Zulia. Según la historia aquella mujer decidió llevarse a su casa el curioso objeto, sin pensar que días después se formaría la imagen de la Chinita con un niño en sus brazos.

Desde ese místico encuentro hasta la actualidad han transcurrido exactamente 307 años, tiempo que ha permitido que millones de creyentes se sumen a las diversas celebraciones religiosas que giran en torno a ese místico momento y que tiene como punto de encuentro principal a la Basílica de Nuestra Señora del Rosario de Chiquinquirá. Desde esta iglesia, miles de creyentes se reúnen desde tempranas horas de la mañana para asistir a la Santa Eucaristía y recibir la bendición del sacerdote en este día especial.

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Para este 2016 la celebración continúa con una programación encabezada con la procesión de la Chinita de Maracaibo, como también es conocida la virgencita, recorriendo así las distintas calles en hombros de los creyentes. De acuerdo a las autoridades eclesiásticas, la Misa en honor a la Virgen será oficializada por el monseñor Aldo Giordano, nuncio Apostólico en Venezuela, junto a seis obispos de la Conferencia Episcopal, quienes serán asistidos por 100 sacerdotes del estado Zulia.

Este homenaje a Nuestra Señora de Chiquinquirá es considerado uno de los eventos marianos más importantes de Venezuela, por la gran devoción que se experimenta en la tierra del Sol Amada y que queda expresada en niños, jóvenes y adultos quienes pagan promesas y agradecen favores concedidos.  Flores, rosarios, globos, vestidos, estampitas y accesorios, forman parte de los obsequios otorgados por los creyentes a la China venerada.

monumento-en-maracaibo

Junto a la multitudinaria procesión, se suman las diversas ferias gastronómicas, musicales y artesanales, organizadas tanto por gobernaciones, alcaldías y empresas privadas, y que a su vez atraen la atención de propios y visitantes. La gaita como himno regional y los patacones como plato que no debe dejar de probar, constituyen por excelencia dos de los elementos de identidad cultural que definen la celebración. El calor zuliano, también forma parte de esa cualidad que se puede percibir en este evento mariano, que recibe a visitantes nacionales e internacionales.

Una fecha como hoy representa una excelente oportunidad para conocer de cerca esta interesante tradición zuliana, así como las plazas, iglesias, costumbres, platillos y creencias propias de la región. Por ende, te invitamos desde Clase Turista Venezuela a indagar sobre esos detalles interesantes que envuelven a esta hermosa celebración, que en este 2016 recuerda los 307 años de aparición de la adorada Chinita.

Por Joselina Rodríguez

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