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Por Joselina Rodríguez / Imagen: Web

Disfrutar unas placenteras vacaciones no tiene que ser una meta difícil de cumplir, para quienes padecen de osteoporosis, según lo dado a conocer por el Doctor David Martín Del Campo, Miembro Fundador y Directivo de la Unidad de Menopausia y Osteoporosis (UMO Ávila), con quien Clase Turista Venezuela conversó para indagar sobre este interesante tema.

En primer lugar, Del Campo resalta que la osteoporosis es una enfermedad esquelética que provoca una alteración en la masa ósea, disminuyendo así la fortaleza del organismo de quien la padece. “Al ocurrir esto, se generan consecuencias más graves como fracturas e incapacidades, obligando al paciente a recurrir a una andadera o a una silla de ruedas, dependiendo del grado que pueda presentar”, puntualiza.

No obstante, también señala que este escenario no representa impedimento alguno, para que los enfermos de osteoporosis puedan viajar y regocijarse en actividades, que los hagan olvidar por un momento y de manera responsable de sus dolencias. De acuerdo al especialista “si se toman en cuenta las recomendaciones del médico tratante y las medicinas al pie de la letra, entonces el paciente puede disfrutar de unas vacaciones inolvidables si así lo desea”.

El destino

Al ser la osteoporosis una enfermedad reumática, las limitaciones a ciertos movimientos se hacen presentes al momento de un desplazamiento. Es por esta razón, que se recomienda al viajero escoger un destino cuya superficie sea totalmente regular y sin complicaciones al momento de trasladarse de un lugar a otro.

 “Lo más idóneo es la playa, no sólo porque tiene menos riesgos para las caídas, sino también porque la vitamina D que es parte importante para la actuación del calcio, se transforma a través de los rayos ultravioleta. Hay que tomar en cuenta que el horario recomendado para esta exposición solar, debe ser antes de las 10 de la mañana y después de las 4 de la tarde, y que el paciente debe llevar ropa ligera que permita exponer tanto sus brazos como espalda”, explica el Doctor Del Campo.

En este sentido, las excursiones por las montañas, tepuyes o selvas, quedan totalmente descartadas, por los peligros de caída y fractura que puedan representar para los pacientes con esta fragilidad en los huesos.

El equipaje

Así como es importante el destino, lo es también el equipaje del viajero con osteoporosis. Para ello el especialista indica que el mismo debe ser lo más ligero posible, para así evitar levantar grandes cantidades de peso.

“No debe tener más de 2 kilogramos, mucho más si es una cartera o una mochila. Si es una maleta, entonces se recomienda que la misma tenga ruedas, para la mayor comodidad del paciente al momento de arrastrarla. No deben olvidar empacar ropa ligera y zapatos anti resbalantes”, indica el especialista.

Al indagar sobre lo esencial que debe contener el equipaje de mano, el Dr. Del Campo nombra documentos de identidad, dinero en efectivo, el informe médico, las medicinas y algunos alimentos que contengan alto contenido de calcio.

El transporte

Si un paciente reumatológico tiene planes de viajar en carro, avión o barco, debe empacar ante todo una almohada o un soporte lumbar, para mayor comodidad de la columna vertebral. De igual manera, el especialista indica que si el viaje es muy largo, entonces se sugiere realizar cada 2 horas estiramientos del cuerpo o caminatas.

 “En caso de los barcos, el paciente debe tener mucho cuidado con los mareos y las caídas, por lo que se recomienda tener siempre ubicado un objeto o agarradera fija para sujetarse”, menciona.

El hospedaje

Al momento de escoger el lugar de hospedaje, el paciente con osteoporosis debe tener en consideración ciertas condiciones, según señala el Dr. Del Campo. “Debe ser un hotel o posada amigable para aquellos con un grado de discapacidad, puesto a que la mayoría de los enfermos emplean bastón, andadera o sillas de ruedas. Por ende, se recomienda preguntar estas especificaciones con anticipación a la reservación”, expresa.

De igual modo, exhorta a que se tenga mucho cuidado con las alfombras fijas o las móviles, así como el piso de granito o porcelanato. Por otro lado, también comenta que las duchas de los baños deberían contar con agarraderas o barras, en caso de ocurrir algún mareo o resbalamiento.

Y así como éstas, otras son las consideraciones que deben tener presente los pacientes con osteoporosis, al momento de emprender su viaje por ese destino soñado o recomendado, entre ellas comer saludable, dejar de lado el alcohol y los cigarrillos, hacer ejercicios y tomar el sol. Si desea obtener mayor información, no olvide consultar al Dr. David Martín Del Campo, cuyo consultorio está ubicado en la Clínica El Ávila en Caracas  y puede localizarlo a través del 0212-2761181 o mdavid@clinicaelavila.com

En cifras

Para poder entender un poco más sobre la osteoporosis, el Dr. Del Campo nos comenta que:

  • El 25 % de la población mundial sufre de osteoporosis, mientras que el 40% tiene baja masa ósea.
  • Una de cada 3 mujeres sufre de esta enfermedad en Venezuela, mientras que 1 de cada 5 hombres la padecen.
  • 1 de cada 7 mujeres puede tener una fractura
  • La fractura de cadera ocurre en un 50% de pacientes con osteoporosis
  • 25% de pacientes con osteoporosis pueden morir al año como producto de alguna complicación en una operación.
  • En el hombre la enfermedad es mucho más avanzada que la mujer.
  • Cuando las mujeres llegan a la menopausia y los hombres a los 60 años, es recomendable realizarse una desintometría ósea, es el examen que se emplea para hacer el diagnostico de la enfermedad.
  • Hace 6 años se fundó en Venezuela la Asociación Venezolana de Pacientes con Osteoporosis (http://sovemo.org/osteoamigos/), cuya finalidad es educar a la población y luchar para que los pacientes tengan acceso a los centros de diagnósticos y a los tratamientos de la osteoporosis.
  • Cada 20 de octubre se celebra el Día Mundial de la Osteoporosis, con el propósito de difundir información relevante sobre esta enfermedad.

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