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Venezuela puede resumirse como un milagro de la creación. Un acierto sin semejanza y una nitidez que nos diferencia a nivel mundial con cualquier escenario. Nuestra diversidad natural, geográfica y paisajística ha sido la bandera a media asta que ha ondeando por años como falso profeta del potencial turístico en nuestro país.

 Por Bernhard Weissenbach

Contamos con 43 parques nacionales, 22 monumentos naturales, 2 reservas de biósfera, 7 refugios, 5 reservas de fauna silvestre, 79 parques recreativos y cientos de miles de kilómetros de áreas prístinas donde los verdes parecen no tener fin.  De acuerdo a esto, los invito a conocer cuántas especies de aves, mamíferos, reptiles, insectos y fauna marina  tenemos y cuántos de ellos son endémicos; les garantizo que se llevarán una grata sorpresa.

Pero, ¿qué pasa con todas esas bendiciones, cómo manejar de manera efectiva ese potencial infinito que tenemos a la mano? En principio, siempre parto del hecho, que debemos saber dónde estamos para poder definir a donde queremos ir. Partiendo de lo anterior enumeremos:

 

¿Dónde estamos?

– Fuimos pioneros en propuestas y leyes de medio ambiente y no hacemos cumplir las leyes.

– Eliminamos, fusionamos y revivimos a lo que conocemos hoy como Ministerio de Ecosocialismo y Aguas.

– El Instituto Nacional de Parques (Inparques) es un organismo tísico, con capacidad nula en la administración de estos espacios.

– Abunda el desconocimiento en el manejo y administración de Parques Nacionales.

–  Se ha enquistado una profunda anarquía gubernamental y legislativa.

–  El Ministerio de Turismo… es un órgano incapacitado.

Para nadie es un secreto la devastación de extensas zonas de nuestros pulmones naturales debido a explotación indiscriminada de minerales; la utilización de métodos de caza y pesca desproporcionados y sin control; la construcción y edificación en zonas bajo régimen de administración especial; el contrabando y comercialización de especies animales de todo tipo y lo más reciente: las muertes a causa de inanición o por mala praxis alimenticia en “zoológicos” de nuestro país.

 parquesnaturalesvenezuela

Aun sabiendo esto, el Gobierno nacional se jacta de firmar acuerdos como el Arco Minero, condenando espacios y especies a su extinción por temas económicos. Pero ojalá esto quedara allí,  ¿cuantos años debemos esperar para reaccionar ante el fenómeno que afecta playas emblemáticas de nuestro país a causa de erosión como consecuencia de la contaminación y el calentamiento global? Hagamos memoria y recodemos lo extensas que eras las costas neoespartanas  como Playa El Agua, Guacuco y El Yaque o, Playa Valle Seco, Carenero y San Francisquito en Miranda, ¿cómo están ahora? Próximas a colapsar y desaparecer.

Debemos ser prudentes al hablar del aprovechamiento, en términos turísticos, de nuestros recursos naturales. Es decir, prestar especial atención a todos estos temas y aplicar con inteligencia planes que permitan la conservación adecuada de estos espacios y las especies que las habiten , a fin de impulsar la única industria limpia, verde y socialmente responsable, que es, el turismo.

Pensemos un segundo: ¿qué diferencia puede tener el parque Yellowstone en Estados Unidos con algún Parque Nacional en Venezuela? Salvando las distancias, Yellowstone recibe más de dos millones de visitantes al año y recauda alrededor de 7millones de dólares anualmente ¿No es posible obtener beneficios de nuestros espacios naturales a través de la actividad turística? ¡Claro que si!

¿Qué hacer? Necesitamos entre otras cosas:

– Actualizar la legislación vigente en materia de protección al ambiente, flora y fauna de nuestro país.

– Municipalizar o regionalizarla figura del Instituto Nacional de Parques (Inparques).

– Abrir al concurso público, la elaboración y proyección de programas de aprovechamiento  sostenible de estos espacios. Tenemos un talento humano excepcional en esta materia.

Marcar precedentes. Ser intransigentes en el cumplimiento de las sanciones a quienes abusen de nuestra flora y fauna.

– Desarrollar de un eje estratégico turístico por parte del Ministerio correspondiente

– Solicitar apoyo interinstitucional con entes expertos en la materia, a nivel internacional.

– Integrar a las asociaciones civiles y proteccionistas junto con las comunidades receptivas para el desarrollo de planes de aprovechamiento sustentable.

Aunque resulte difícil de creer, en perspectiva tenemos un potencial enorme en comparación con destinos suramericanos y caribeños. Somos mucho más grandes de lo que creemos y sobre todo,  tenemos un sinfín de opciones incomparables que gustosamente sabrán aprovechar quienes nos visiten.

La voluntad en la materia turística en nuestro país, es prácticamente todo. Salgamos pues, al encuentro de soluciones constructivas y eficientes que permitan el desarrollo de nuestros espacios, nuestros ecosistemas y todas las especies animales y vegetales y démosle el espacio que se merecen. A fin de cuentas, los invitados en este mundo somos nosotros ¡Pensemos verde!¡Pensemos en el TURISMO!

Instagram: @bwturismo
Twitter: @bwturismo
Fanpage: Bw Turismo
YouTube: BwTurismo

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