Las primeras migraciones

El camino que conducía de El Hatillo hacia la capital de Venezuela, Caracas, fue marcado por los habitantes de la zona y por visitantes que comenzaron a llegar de otras latitudes, bien sea por las condiciones climáticas que ofrecía el lugar o por las actividades comerciales que en él se desarrollaban.

“Antes de erigirse como un paraíso para el retiro y el contacto con la naturaleza, aquí sólo vivían los descendientes de los fundadores y de los peones de la Hacienda La Lagunita, propiedad de Eleazar López Contreras en 1936, quienes fueron ubicados en la zona de El Calvario, detrás de la primera iglesia del pueblo”, según relata Melanie Pérez en su artículo “El Hatillo: tierra de gentileza”.

5
Plaza Bolívar en El Hatillo

Cabe recordar que para esta fecha, a nivel nacional estaba siendo proclamada por primera vez una Ley para la Regulación del tráfico de viajeros, con el fin de sistematizar la actividad turística a nivel nacional. Dicha normativa incluía la incorporación de todos los estados, municipios y por ende de El Hatillo.

30 años después comenzaron a llegar artistas plásticos y artesanos seducidos por sus paisajes, abriéndose así los primeros locales comerciales, entre ellos el primer restaurante del pueblo llamado “La Gorda”. Dichos escenarios mirandinos también alcanzaron un poco de fama con la grabación de la telenovela “Cumbres Borrascosas”, donde se resaltaban atractivos que despertaron la curiosidad de otros venezolanos y de productoras televisivas tales como RCTV y otras agencias de publicidad.

Con el paso de los años, el casco histórico de El Hatillo, que incluía iglesia, plaza y locales comerciales, se convirtió en el principal atractivo turístico de este pueblo ubicado en el estado Miranda, Venezuela. Sus autenticas joyas arquitectónicas que datan del siglo XVIII fueron tomadas en cuenta para que fuese declarado como Patrimonio Cultural Nacional en 1960, una posición privilegiada para concientizar sobre el respeto y el valor cultural que se le debe de dar.

De acuerdo a la cronista María Virginia Valera “la conservación de su aspecto tradicional en cuanto a arquitectura, costumbres, fiestas y gastronomía se refiere, fue precisamente el factor primordial que atrajo a caraqueños y demás citadinos a El Hatillo, permitiendo así el impulso del turismo en la región”.

4
Iglesia El Calvario

Por otro lado, puntualiza que el empuje de la Alcaldía y los comerciantes del lugar permitieron la creación de eventos tales como el Festival de Jazz, de teatro, cines, bailes, gastronomía y de arte.

Desde el año 1991 hasta la presente fecha, el auge del turismo en El Hatillo ha sido vertiginoso, no sólo por la proximidad a la capital de Venezuela y de su expansión en la segunda mitad del siglo XX, sino por el movimiento cultural que allí se produce, lo que atrae a decenas de turista cualquier día de la semana.

Quienes se apersonan no sólo pueden disfrutar de un clima agradable, sino también de retretas en la plaza Bolívar, paseos por las rutas gastronómicas e históricas, que te llevan a conocer los antecedentes de este pueblo que incluye las comunidades de La Lagunita, Oripoto, Los Naranjos, El Cigarral, Cerro Verde, La Unión, Turgua, y Corralito.

Entre otras de las paradas que ofrece El Hatillo a sus visitantes se encuentran la casa de Baltasar León, Hacienda La Trinidad, Iglesia Santa Ana de la Lagunita, Iglesia Ortodoxa Rumana, Las Cuevas de El Indio, Casa de Manuel Escalona, Colegio Coponoima, Expanzoo, Calle El Comercio, Casa de José Félix Peraza, Jardín Topotepuy, Centro Comercial Paseo El Hatillo, artesanales, restaurantes y galerías de arte.

ior
Iglesia Ortodoxa Rumana

Durante el mes de mayo, muchos citadinos se acercan a presenciar la celebración de la Cruz de Mayo o las fiestas en honor a Santa Rosalía de Palermo en el mes de septiembre, tradiciones heredadas desde épocas de su fundación. Sus costumbres gastronómicas no son tan diferentes a las del resto de Venezuela, pues la misma puede suele variar de acuerdo a la especialización de cada restaurante (español, italiano, portugués, chino, árabe).

En cuanto a hospedaje se refiere el Director de Turismo Miranda Yeicker Yantis, enfatiza que en El Hatillo no existen hoteles que puedan prestar el servicio de descanso a los turistas, motivo por el cual es visitado en su mayoría sólo por un día. En caso contrario, hay quienes deciden tomar algunos tours ofrecidos por algunas operadoras, quienes ofrecen paquetes que incluyen turismo de aventura.

Hoy en día se desarrolla en esta zona mirandina un programa turístico-cultural denominado Vive El Hatillo por parte de la Alcaldía, en cuya web y redes sociales se presentan mapas turísticos y locales de la zona, la agenda cultural, de la semana, los lugares que debes conocer, así como rutas patrimoniales, entre otras informaciones valiosas para los turistas como número telefónicos de emergencia. Además de estos programas ejecutados por la Alcaldía de El Hatillo y los que puede desarrollar la Gobernación del estado Miranda, el turismo también tiene sus aliados en la comunidad estudiantil que egresa de la Universidad Nueva Esparta, bajo la carrera de Administración de Empresas Turísticas.

Por Joselina Rodríguez / Imágenes: Web

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