Para detallar la evolución del turismo en El Hatillo, es necesario hablar de la fundación de este pueblo y remontarse a la época colonial para hacer referencia a los primeros habitantes de la zona, los indios Mariches de la etnia Caribe, un grupo originario que luchó por sus tierras, contra los españoles que llegaron entre los años 1568 y 1590. Así lo expuso la cronista María Virginia Valera, quien a su vez indicó que estos extranjeros se asentaron en el lugar, por las características fértiles de los terrenos, su clima y los riachuelos.

1
Casco colonial de El Hatillo

“Quienes deseaban llegar hasta la zona debían trasladarse en burros, mulas o caballos, puesto a que no existían caminos. Tiempo después ellos mismos fueron trazándolo, ante la necesidad de viajar hacia Caracas o a los Valles del Tuy en el estado Miranda”, enfatizó.

En ese entonces, la principal actividad era la ganadería y en especial la siembra de cacao, vegetales y más adelante del café, cuya semilla fue traída al municipio por el español Baltasar de León, fundador del pueblo. León, procedente de Cádiz, llegó a estas tierras en el año 1753 y se propuso sacarla adelante, separándola en primer lugar del Municipio Baruta, jurisdicción de la que dependía.

“Era necesario fundar el pueblo porque habían suficientes habitantes para darse su propia dirección. Además los lugareños debían ir hasta Baruta para realizar una boda en burro, cuando podían tener su propia sede religiosa y su sacerdote, pues estaban en condiciones de pagar la oblata”, explicó la cronista.

Escribir para añadir, dejar en blanco para borrar
Iglesia Santa Rosalía de Palermo

Ante la gestión realizada por Baltasar de León y su esposa Ana Francisca Pérez, finalmente se concreta la fundación de El Hatillo el 12 de junio de 1784, donando así parte de sus tierras para la construcción de la Capilla El Calvario, una de las principales paradas atractivas del pueblo. A la edificación de la misma, se le sumaron otras obras arquitectónicas importantes como la Iglesia Santa Rosalía de Palermo y la Plaza Bolívar, ambas construidas durante el siglo XVI.

Para esa época Caracas ciudad cercana a El Hatillo, seguía siendo la urbe que albergaba el mayor número de habitantes que a su vez se dedicaban a la agricultura y a otras actividades comerciales. Su cercanía a El Hatillo, la convirtió en uno de los destinos seleccionados por muchos viajeros que se trasladaban disfrutar del clima o a comprar café, flores y hortalizas.

2
Zona de Restaurantes en El Hatillo

El lugar conocido como “Las cuatro esquinas” contaba en aquel entonces con pequeños comercios, donde los arreros que venían desde los Valles del Tuy encontraban lo que necesitaban. Amarraban sus mulas y animales de carga en la que hoy en día es la Plaza Sucre. Cabe destacar que para el año 1870 el municipio era el más próspero del estado Miranda, con una producción de 15 mil a 20 mil quinales, proveniente de haciendas de gran índole entre ellas Carabobo, El Cidral, La Providencia, La Guía, La Laguna y Quintana.

Por Joselina Rodríguez / Imágenes: Web

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